EPA rule exempts farms from emissions reporting

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency proposed a rule exempting livestock farmers from reporting to state and local authorities the routine emissions from their farms.“The rule announced today is the final piece in the implementation of the FARM Act, which passed Congress earlier this year and which eliminated the need for livestock farmers to estimate and report to the federal government emissions from the natural breakdown of manure,” said Jim Heimerl, president of the National Pork Producers Council, a pork producer from Johnstown, Ohio. “That bipartisan measure was approved because it was unnecessary and impractical for farmers to waste their time and resources alerting government agencies that there are livestock on farms.”The Fair Agricultural Reporting Method, or FARM, Act fixed a problem created last April when a U.S. Court of Appeals rejected a 2008 EPA rule that exempted farmers from reporting routine farm emissions under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). Commonly known as the “Superfund Law,” CERCLA is used primarily to clean hazardous waste sites but also includes a mandatory federal reporting component.The appeals court ruling would have forced tens of thousands of livestock farmers to “guesstimate” and report the emissions from manure on their farms to the U.S. Coast Guard’s National Response Center and subjected them to citizen lawsuits from activist groups.EPA’s latest proposed rule would exempt farmers from reporting to state and local first responders under the federal Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) — an adjunct to CERCLA — that they have “hazardous” emissions on their farms.“The pork industry wants regulations that are practical and effective, but applying CERCLA and EPCRA to livestock farms would be neither,” Heimerl said. “Pork producers are very strong stewards of the environment and have taken many actions over the years to protect it.”As evidence: The pork industry and other livestock sectors are working closely with state and local emergency response agencies to ensure they receive information about farms that is useful, and yesterday Smithfield Foods announced new projects to help the company reach its goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2025.The world’s largest pork producer and hog processor is expanding its “Smithfield Renewables” platform — its industry-leading carbon reduction and renewable energy efforts — to help meet that goal. It will implement over the next 10 years, for example, manure-to-energy projects at 90% of its hog finishing spaces in North Carolina and Utah and at nearly all finishing spaces in Missouri and convert existing anaerobic lagoons to covered digesters, or construct new covered digesters, to capture biogas.last_img read more

30 Days of After Effects: The Perfect Way to End the Summer

first_imgStep up your motion design skills with these free After Effects tutorials!Vacations are wrapping up, school is about to begin again, and that sunburn is beginning to flake off. It’s the part of every year that you’ve dreaded since you were five…summer is almost over. However, this summer might end just a little bit sweeter with an awesome series of After Effects tutorials from School of Motion and the Motion Design Department at the Ringling College of Art and Design.The two groups have collaborated to create 30 Days of After Effects which is exactly what the name implies, 30 full-length After Effects tutorials for your viewing pleasure. But these aren’t your run-of-the-mill YouTube tutorials. Each tutorial created by Joey Korenman is 30-60 minutes in length and jam packed with tips and tricks to help you become a better motion graphic designer.Now you may be thinking, ok what’s the catch; are they going to ask me for money? Nope! All 30 After Effects tutorials are completely free.Here’s the first tutorial in the 30 Days of After Effects Series. You can see the rest of the tutorials on School of Motion’s website as they are released.There will be a new School of Motion After Effects tutorial every weekday until September 12th! For more After Effects tricks and tips check out the AE section here on the PremiumBeat blog.last_img read more

Pentagon defends India’s ASAT test

first_imgWashington: India is concerned about the “threats” it faces in space, the Pentagon has said, defending the country for acquiring anti-satellite (ASAT) missile test capabilities.On March 27, India achieved a historic feat by shooting down its own low-orbit satellite with a ground-to-space missile, making the country a space power. The test made India the fourth country in the world after the US, Russia and China to have the ASAT capabilities. “The first lesson from the Indian ASAT is just the simple question of why did they do that. And the answer should be, I think to all the committee looking at it, is that they did that because they are concerned about threats to their nation from space,” US Strategic Command Commander General John E Hyten told members of the powerful Senate Armed Services Committee on Thursday. “And therefore, they feel they have to have a capability to defend themselves in space,” Hyten told Senate Armed Services Committee while responding to a question from Senators on the need for India to do anti-satellite missile test, and the debris it generated in the space. After India’s test, NASA termed as a “terrible thing” the country’s shooting down of one of its satellites, saying it created about 400 pieces of orbital debris, endangering the the International Space Station (ISS). NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine had said about 60 pieces were tracked and out of which 24 are going above the apogee of the ISS. Hyten advocated for the development of some kind of international norms of behaviour in space. “And where those norms of behaviour should begin, from my opinion, is with debris, because as the combatant commander responsible for space today, I don’t want more debris,” said the top Pentagon commander. Raising the issue, Senator Tim Kaine said India announced last month that it had successfully conducted a test of an anti-satellite weapon. “So, they had something in low earth orbit. They used an anti-satellite weapon to down, and it resulted in – the estimate’s right now 400 pieces of debris, 24 which are large enough to potentially pose a threat to the International Space Station,” he said. “There have been other instances like this. There was a Chinese – a similar effort in 2007 that led to the catalogued 100,000 pieces of debris, many of which are still observing in debris fields that pose danger to other assets in space,” he said. There was a collision in ’09 between a working US satellite and a sort of defunct Soviet era satellite that -kind of a fender bender that produced debris. Then this debris causes challenges, he added. “If we think that space is going to be more of a traffic jam, more satellites for all kinds of purposes up there, what should we be thinking about as a Senate in this committee or in Foreign Relations about sort of the rules?” he asked. “What should the rules environment be, and what should we be doing to try to promote rules? India is an ally. We’re not talking about an adversary doing something. We’re talking about them testing some capacity, but then that creates challenges for all kinds of uses of space. How should we be solving problems like that?” Kaine asked.last_img read more

FC Tokyo confirm interest in Arjen Robben

first_imgThe future of Arjen Robben has been handed another twist with FC Tokyo being the latest club to announce their interest in the Dutch winger.Robben announced in December that he will be ending his decade-long stay at Bayern Munich come to the end of this season and is yet to announce his future plans.The 35-year-old has since been linked with a return to the Netherlands with old clubs PSV Eindhoven and Groningen in the Eredivisie along with many other sides.Now a surprise contender in Japanese club FC Tokyo have come forward in their interest in making Robben the J-League’s latest star recruit following the arrivals of Andres Iniesta, Fernando Torres and David Villa at Vissel Kobe.“I can’t say that he’s on the table yet, but we’re gathering information,” An FC Tokyo executive told Japan Times.“There won’t be any clubs that aren’t interested.”FC Tokyo finished in sixth-place in the J-League and 19 points behind winners Kawasaki Frontale.RB Leipzig, Bayern Munich, Robert LewadowskiMatch Preview: RB Leipzig vs Bayern Munich Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 RB Leipzig will have the chance to prove their title-winning capabilities when they host Bayern Munich today at 18:30 (CET).Since arriving in Germany in 2009, Robben has managed an impressive 143 goals and 101 assists in 305 appearances across all competitions for Bayern.The former Netherlands international has won seven Bundesliga titles, five DFL-Supercups, four DFB-Pokals, a Champions League and the UEFA Super Cup at Bayern.Robben spoke out on his future plans earlier this month and revealed his main focus is on returning to full fitness for Bayern after sustaining a thigh injury in November.“On the contrary, I want to wait and concentrate on getting back into shape with Bayern,” said Robben.“I do not know when but I have to make a decision. I will not wait until the end of the season,”“I have a family and I have to plan. I repeat. I am privileged and I thank the clubs that are following me.”Robben’s team-mate Sandro Wanger left the Bavarians today in favour of a switch to Chinese club Tianjin Teda.last_img read more

Combined team of physicists and biologists build Lyme disease detector using carbon

first_img Researchers attach Lyme disease antibodies to nanotubes, paving way for diagnostic device © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Combined team of physicists and biologists build Lyme disease detector using carbon nanotube sensor (2013, June 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-combined-team-physicists-biologists-lyme.html More information: Mitchell B. Lerner, Jennifer Dailey, Brett R. Goldsmith, Dustin Brisson, A.T. Charlie Johnson, Detecting Lyme disease using antibody-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube transistors, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 45, 15 July 2013, Pages 163–167. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2013.01.035AbstractWe examined the potential of antibody-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) field-effect transistors (FETs) to use as a fast and accurate sensor for a Lyme disease antigen. Biosensors were fabricated on oxidized silicon wafers using chemical vapor deposition grown carbon nanotubes that were functionalized using diazonium salts. Attachment of Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme) flagellar antibodies to the nanotubes was verified by atomic force microscopy and electronic measurements. A reproducible shift in the turn-off voltage of the semiconducting SWNT FETs was seen upon incubation with B. burgdorferi flagellar antigen, indicative of the nanotube FET being locally gated by the residues of flagellar protein bound to the antibody. This sensor effectively detected antigen in buffer at concentrations as low as 1 ng/ml, and the response varied strongly over a concentration range coinciding with levels of clinical interest. Generalizable binding chemistry gives this biosensing platform the potential to be expanded to monitor other relevant antigens, enabling a multiple vector sensor for Lyme disease. The speed and sensitivity of this biosensor make it an ideal candidate for development as a medical diagnostic test.via Nanotechweb Lyme disease is an infection caused by several types of bacteria—generally tick-borne, the disease can cause permanent nerve damage if not detected early. Currently patients must undergo a two-stage process as part of a diagnosis. The first is called an ELISA assay—it uses antibodies and color changes to identify substances. Because it tends to sometimes produce false positives, patients must also undergo what is known as a Western blot test—a test for the specific bacteria that cause the disease. It too tends to result in the occasional false positive however, which is why researchers continue to look for a more accurate way to detect the presence of the bacteria that causes the disease.In this new effort, the research team grew a large array of carbon nanotubes for use as sensors. Then using a new covalent-chemistry technique they developed they attached antibody proteins to the nanotubes. The antibodies attract and capture a type of protein found in the flagellum of bacteria that are the source of Lyme disease. The adhered protein causes a change in the how well the nanotube sensors are able to conduct electricity. By measuring changes in voltage, the researchers can determine if the bacteria are present in a single drop of blood.Besides being more accurate than the current method of testing for Lyme disease, the new device also can give researchers a better idea of how highly concentrated the antigens are in a patient—allowing doctors to prescribe the right amount of medicine for treatment. The nanotube based detector can also detect the presence of the bacteria much earlier than the current method, helping to prevent nerve damage and other health problems.The new sensor isn’t ready to be used by doctors just yet of course, it must be put through rigorous testing first. Also, the team believes they can improve their detector by making it sensitive to just the pieces of the antibodies that are responsible for antigen bonding, instead of the whole protein. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further (Phys.org) —A team made up of researchers from both the physics and biology departments at the University of Pennsylvania has succeeded in building a Lyme disease detector using a carbon nanotube sensor. In their paper published in the journal Biosensors and Bioelectronics, the team describes the process they used to make the device and how it works. Journal information: Biosensors and Bioelectronicslast_img read more

Beautification of Kendua canal on the cards

first_imgKolkata: In a stride towards preventing residents living in and around the Kendua canal in Baghajatin from dumping garbage in the canal water, the local councillor has decided to beautify a stretch of the waterbody.The decision has been taken, after repeated appeals to residents of the area to keep the canal clean, have proved futile. The state Irrigation department will soon take up the work of cleaning and then beautification of the clogged canal, stretching from Green View to Baghajatin Rail Gate area. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe canal is connected with the drainage system of ward 101 and plays an important role in draining out water during monsoon. However, in recent times, residents residing in the vicinity of the canal dumping things indiscriminately, has resulted in tremendous clogging. “The depth of the canal is gradually decreasing with dumping of garbage, plastic and even construction material. We are apprehending that the entire drainage system in the ward may choke as a result of this. Attempts to dissuade the residents have yielded no results. I took up the matter with state Irrigation minister Rajib Banerjee and suggested cleaning of the canal and also beautification of its bank. The department has agreed to our proposal,” said Bappaditya Dasgupta, councillor of ward 101. Dasgupta had first spoken with Mayor Sovan Chatterjee and the latter had also spoken with Banerjee in this regard. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedSources in the Irrigation department said that apart from cleaning the clogged canal, they will put up a high iron fence stretching around 2 km on the bank and will also make a garden along the fence. The entire stretch will also be illuminated with lights provided by the Lighting department of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. The Irrigation department has allocated a budget of Rs 36 lakh for the work. A bridge on the canal near Baghajatin Rail Gate will also be constructed, by spending Rs 1.27 crore.last_img read more

Introducing Delhiites to the Indian folk music

first_imgWith the intentions to revive the folk music of different parts of our country, The Indira Gandhi National Art Center (IGNCA) has been organizing a successful “Sanjari:Ek Bharat Shreshth Bharat” series every month from its 30th Foundation Day. The center is trying to make folk music available to the listeners so that it can maintain its existence and reach the new generation in its original form. The center has so far organized six successful events of ‘Sanjari: An India-best Bharat’ in which Arunachal, Bihar and Rajasthan, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir folk artists have made their presentation. In the 7th series of the event, folk singer of Uttarakhand Padmashri Basanti Bisht and Jogela Sidhuaj of Karnataka gave a presentation. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIn the first session of the series held on May 19, Uttarakhand’s first female Jagar singer Basanti Bisht tied up with her team to enthrall the audience. She started the program with the Manglik songs related to Vedic rites of Uttarakhand, after which she dedicated Jogger to Lord Bhole Nath. In the second session of the series on May 20, Karnataka folk artist Jogela Sidhuaju presented his presentation. Jogela Siddhu Raju, a folk singer of Karnataka, has been singing folk songs since childhood besides pursuing engineering. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSiddhuaju started his presentation with the description of various incarnations of Lord Shiva, whose words were ‘Balukkak (Blokkaka) Diya God Saaya’. Then he sang the Kamsale Padam, the Kamsale post was the melodious rhythm of the Karnataka Lok Gangit, whose lyrics were ‘Aadiri Raggaala-Nudisiri Taklagala’, that is, playing rhythm and singing the songs of Hari. His next presentation was ‘Chalindaru Malligeya’, which is the folk song of Malai Mahadevar South India.last_img read more