By Taciana Moury/Diálogo December 05, 2018 The border area along the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, and Santa Catarina served as the staging ground for security operation Ágata Graal, September 24-28, 2018. The initiative sought to curb drug trafficking, smuggling, and other illegal transnational activities along the 3,500-kilometer border with Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina. Operation Ágata is of a continuous nature and is carried out throughout the year in different border regions. The initiative projects preventive operations along the border via air, land, and river patrols. Service members set up checkpoints at river channels and main roads, conduct airstrip and port surveillance, and search vessels, motor vehicles, people, and aircraft. The objective is to step up government’s presence and integrate the activities of the Armed Forces with other federal, state, and municipal agencies responsible for the region’s security. Operation Ágata Graal, a name it acquired in the latest 2018 edition, was unprecedented due to the joint effort with the Brazilian Navy (MB, in Portuguese), Army (EB, in Portuguese), and Air Force (FAB, in Portuguese). Ágata Graal’s headquarters was setup in the city of Cascavel, in Paraná state, in the heart of the border area. There, service members patrolled air, land, and rivers simultaneously. FAB also coordinated aerial support from Aerospace Operations Command in Brasília. According to MB Admiral Ademir Sobrinho, head of the Armed Forces Joint Chief of Staff, previous operations had simpler formats and were developed quickly and more suddenly. “The joint work was limited to a strategic and operational structure, and when it was time for the tactical part, each force would operate separately,” Adm. Ademir said. Public security agencies such as the Federal Police, the Federal Highway Police (PRF, in Portuguese), the Brazilian Internal Revenue Service, and the military police from the states of Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul took part in the interagency operations. A total of 3,000 service members and civilians, about 40 aircraft, and 1,000 different armored vehicles and boats participated. According to FAB Lieutenant General Ricardo Cesar Mangrich, commander of Ágata Graal, the biggest challenge was to assemble a structure to cover such an extensive and diversified border. “We had Lake Itaipu, at the border with Paraguay, where shores allow for the construction of paths used to board small boats that can carry illegal goods,” Lt. Gen. Mangrich told Diálogo. “We also had the Paraná-Tietê waterway, between Brazil’s southern and southwestern regions, which serve as a gateway into the country, near the state of São Paulo, a highly developed region. Lastly, the dry and complex border of Mato Grosso do Sul, with small roads every 200 meters, made control very difficult.” Joint task forces A general staff consisting of 40 officers from the three branches coordinated operations of the joint task forces created to patrol each area. The objective was to advise the commander according to the characteristics of each branch to optimize the use of available resources. “We used armored vehicles, subunits of EB’s motorized cavalry, FAB aircraft, and other resources,” said Lt. Gen. Mangrich. “The Joint Chief of Staff’s advice was essential to ensure interoperability, and avoid friendly fire from our service members operating side by side on the ground.” Service members conducted Ágata Graal’s operations at night to ensure the element of surprise, since these were not covert. “The troop got to the point where the opponent could not operate at night, which created instability and an extremely positive result,” Lt. Gen. Mangrich said. Air assets used heat sensors and satellites for monitoring and reconnaissance activities, and a command and control system to analyze and interpret the images. The information obtained contributed to the commander’s decision making for troops’ engagement. “During a night flight, a FAB aircraft identified the entry of illegal goods. The satellite provided a visual revealing the number of recipients waiting for the merchandise. Our special forces troops were ready for action at the location. We opted to avoid confrontation and prevent having many fatalities. We chose to throw a stun grenade to disperse the people and stop the illegal activity,” said Lt. Gen. Mangrich. Results For the officer, the operation helped confirm the implementation of a successful operational model that can be used when necessary. “We managed to close the border by sea, land, and air during the operation,” said Lt. Gen. Mangrich. Effective to protect borders, the operation also increased interoperability between forces and coordination with participating agencies. A command and control structure facilitated the coordination of well-organized efforts and efficient results. According to Adm. Ademir, Ágata Graal allowed service members to uncover river and land routes, and docks criminal organizations used in the area, as well as their modus operandi. “We nearly completely stopped drug and arms trafficking, and cross-border crimes,” Adm. Ademir said. “After we left the location, the Federal Highway Patrol broke arrest records,” said Lt. Gen. Mangrich. “We identified trucks gathered across the border and a possible route for illegal entry into the country with satellite help. As soon as the operation ended, they tried to enter and PRF was ready for action.”
Herald on Sunday 6 January 2013New polls show New Zealanders support the terminally ill’s right to die, think same-sex marriages should be legal and are largely happy with the current number of people immigrating.The polls, by Key Research and commissioned by the Herald on Sunday, also found New Zealanders evenly divided on the relevance of our founding document – the Treaty of Waitangi.POLLDo you think that same-sex civil unions should be extended to marriage? • Yes 53.9% • No 38.1% • Unsure 8%Do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end an incurable patient’s life, if the patient requests it? • Yes 60.5% • No 18.2% • Depends on situation 16.2% • Unsure 5.1%Poll: Key Research. Commissioned by: Herald on Sundayhttp://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10857496
France’s World Cup-winning striker Olivier Giroud also recently extended his Blues contract to remain in west London next term. The 33-year-old has fired three goals in five games since football’s resumption, reiterating his value to the Blues. Abraham broke a 10-game scoring duck in Chelsea’s 3-2 win at Crystal Palace on Tuesday, with Lampard hoping that can spur him back to his best. “Tammy in his personality is a very positive lad, he trains well, he’s good around the group and that hasn’t changed,” said Lampard. “I know beyond that there are sometimes feelings for a player, especially a goalscorer who is having a tough time in front of goal. read also:Transfer Market: Different strokes for Abraham, Tomori “We had a conversation before the Palace game, so I was particularly delighted to see him break that against them. I hope there is an uplift for him, I hope his confidence has taken a nice boost, and we’ll see.” Meanwhile, Billy Gilmour could be sidelined for as long as four months after knee surgery, Chelsea boss Frank Lampard has said FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted Content10 Hyper-Realistic 3D Street Art By OdeithBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever MadePortuguese Street Artist Creates Hyper-Realistic 3D GraffitiBig Actors Who Started Off With A Part In A Soap Opera7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend Better9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A TattooCan Playing Too Many Video Games Hurt Your Body?5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme Parks7 Theories About The Death Of Our UniverseThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreThe Models Of Paintings Whom The Artists Were Madly In Love WithPlaying Games For Hours Can Do This To Your Body Loading… Tammy Abraham has quashed any concerns over his Chelsea future by signing a one-year contract extension at Stamford Bridge. The 22-year-old striker has extended his existing Blues deal until 2023, though Chelsea bosses are understood to be ready to continue talks over longer terms. Boss Frank Lampard handed Abraham the coveted number nine shirt last summer. And the England striker has fired 16 goals in 40 games in his first term leading the Blues’ line. New £53million recruit Timo Werner will boost Chelsea’s firepower next term. But the prolific Germany hitman will also add significant competition for Abraham. But Camberwell-born striker Abraham has had no qualms about extending his Stamford Bridge stay. With the club also keen to keep him for the long haul. “I don’t want to get into the clauses in contracts. It could open me up to many a question that one,” said Lampard. “But I said it before when I was asked, Tammy’s not at a critical stage in his contract. “He needs to focus on his playing and we need to finish the season as strongly as we can. There will be plenty of time to sit down after that.”Advertisement
Liverpool’s Europa League campaign ended at the scene of one of their greatest European triumphs as they lost 5-4 on penalties to Besiktas in the Ataturk Stadium on Thursday on a woeful night for British clubs.Brendan Rodgers’s side were the highest profile casualties of the last 32, where holders Sevilla came through a testing encounter at Borussia Moenchengladbach, winning 3-2 on the night and 4-2 on aggregate.But in a sign that Italian teams may not be the dying force in Europe they are sometimes made out to be, AS Roma were joined in the last 16 by compatriots Inter Milan, Fiorentina, Torino and Napoli.Roma overcame crowd trouble and the temporary suspension of their match in Feyenoord to win 2-1 in a fiery atmosphere in Rotterdam and clinch a 3-2 success over the two legs.The only British representatives in the last 16, however, will be Everton, who saw off Young Boys 7-2 on aggregate, after Premier League Tottenham Hotspur were beaten 2-0 at Fiorentina and Celtic had their hopes ended in a 1-0 defeat by Inter.Turkish side Besiktas won their clash with Liverpool after Dejan Lovren missed the decisive penalty after the match ended 1-1 on aggregate following Besiktas’s 1-0 win on the night. Croatia centre back Lovren blasted his effort high and wide to spark wild celebrations at the ground whereLiverpool beat AC Milan on penalties 10 years ago to clinch a fifth European Cup.ATTACKING LINEUPThe Merseysiders were playing at the Ataturk Stadium for the second time since their stunning 2005 comeback victory against Milan but, with club captain Steven Gerrard injured, had no surviving members of that side on the field against Besiktas.They picked an attacking line-up but were second best most of the night and Tolgay Arslan’s crisp, curling effort after 72 minutes from the edge of the area levelled the aggregate score and took the game into extra time and eventually penalties.The first nine of both team’s spot kicks found their target, but Lovren stepped up, leant back and sent his effort high over the bar sparking raucous home celebrations. The statuesque Croat was perhaps an odd choice to take a penalty, but boss Rodgers defended the decision.”We were happy with the penalty takers and Dejan was confident. We’re obviously disappointed for him, because I felt in the game he played very well.”PLASTIC BANANARoma’s passage into the last 16 was fraught after French referee Clement Turpin took the players off for more than 10 minutes after the home fans threw objects onto the pitch, including a giant plastic banana.After Adem Ljajic gave Roma the lead and Elvis Manu had levelled for Feyenoord, who had Mitchell Te Vrede sent off which sparked the trouble, Gervinho netted the winner when he converted Vasilis Torosidis’s cross from he right. Three-time winners Sevilla were twice pegged back by their German hosts, who had goalscorer Granit Xhaka sent off, before Vitolo rounded off a counter attack in the 79th minute with his second goal to complete the victory.Inter edged Scottish champions Celtic 1-0 to go through 4-3 on aggregate after a high-scoring first leg was followed by a cagey return in Italy where Fredy Guarin got an 88th minute winner.Inter’s Serie A rivals Fiorentina beat Tottenham Hotspur 3-1 on aggregate with German striker Mario Gomez and on loan Chelsea player Mohamed Salah scoring in the second half.Two goals from Jose Rondon helped Zenit St Petersburg ease past PSV Eindhoven 3-0 in their second leg inRussia to complete a 4-0 aggregate success.Ajax Amsterdam, Villarreal, Dinamo Moscow, Dynamo Kiev, VfL Wolfsburg, Club Brugge and Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk also booked spots in the last 16 of Europe’s second tier competition which this season brings aChampions League spot for the winners.