Indonesian wet markets carry high risk of virus transmission

first_img“Close interaction at traditional markets could lead to new clusters. Enforcement of health protocol and information campaigns by local governments are badly needed,” Indonesian Traditional Market Traders Association (IKAPPI) spokesperson Reynaldi Sarijowan told The Jakarta Post on Friday.Among 12.3 million traders at 13,450 traditional markets across Indonesia, the association has recorded 535 vendors in 20 provinces contracting the virus, 29 of whom have died as of Friday. The highest number of cases at 133 was recorded in East Java.The IKAPPI has issued a health protocol for vendors and traditional market managers that includes guidelines on the distance between stalls, plastic curtains between traders and customers, body temperature checks and routine disinfecting.Reynaldi expressed doubt, however, that the guidelines would be properly enforced at every market. For millions of Indonesians, pasar (traditional market) has always been the first stop to buy daily supplies, thanks to affordable prices, a chance for haggling and a wide range of goods.Even when COVID-19 hit the country, jostling crowds at traditional markets remained, raising concern that new clusters may emerge as the country begins to ease the coronavirus curbs.Indonesia has seen several COVID-19 clusters emanate from traditional markets. Among the recent ones are 26 confirmed cases related to Cileungsi Market in Bogor regency, West Java, 20 cases from Klender Market in East Jakarta and another 14 from Serdang Market in Central Jakarta. The pandemic, which prompted a stay-at-home order and mobility restrictions, had caused a 65 percent slump in revenue for the traders, he said. Poor compliance with health protocol at traditional markets, he said, would make it difficult to restore public trust, hence sales would further suffer.Traditional markets have gained worldwide attention as SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing COVID-19, is believed to have originated from a wet market in Wuhan, China. Another cluster emerged in Beijing last week, which is suspected to have come from imported salmon sold at the Xinfadi meat market. The country reported 57 new cases on Sunday, 36 of which were domestic transmissions in the country’s capital and linked to the market.Indonesia has seen the number of cases and fatalities rise sharply in the past week, bringing the total number of confirmed infections to 38,227 and the death toll to 2,134 as of Sunday. Aside from Jakarta, East Java, South Sulawesi and East Kalimantan have become epicenters of the outbreak.The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged people to maintain general hygiene and keep a safe distance from others. In a recent report on Indonesia, the health body said at least 1 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test per 1,000 people per week in transmission areas with results provided in 24-48 hours was among the “non-negotiable measures” during the new normal period amid the skyrocketing cases. It also recommended extensive contact-tracing and quarantining of all contacts surrounding new cases.“At least 80 percent of new cases [should] have their close contacts traced and in quarantine within 72 hours of confirmation […] and at least 80 percent of contacts of new cases are monitored for 14 days,” it said.  The Trade Ministry issued a circular in late May to support the operation of traditional markets while implementing health protocol to prevent further spread of COVID-19. The circular stipulates, among other things, limiting the number of visitors and using outdoor facilities if possible.In Indonesia, the physical distancing approach at traditional markets drew the public’s attention when markets in Central Java allowed vendors to sell their products along the roads with a meter distance between one another.However, vendors at Jakarta’s markets were unable to do so due to space constraints, said the president director of Jakarta-owned market operator Pasar Jaya, Arief Nasrudin. Starting on June 15, the company would instead impose an odd-even kiosk number policy, meaning vendors with odd kiosk numbers were only allowed to operate on odd dates and vice-versa.“In Jakarta, [selling products on the roadside] is not possible. The space is not enough to accommodate the vendors,” he said.Jakarta has confirmed 51 cases linked to eight traditional markets as of Friday, according to IKAPPI.In the second-worst-hit province, East Java, more than 100 vendors have reportedly been infected by the disease, mostly in its capital Surabaya, the second-largest city in the country.Surabaya economy and business agency head Agus Hebi Djuniantoro said monitoring the implementation of health protocol at traditional markets would be intensified.“We will form a team involving vendors and local authorities tasked with reprimanding violators in the areas,” he told the Post.Epidemiologist Windhu Purnomo from Airlangga University suggested strong rules and strict enforcement to be applied at traditional markets, both those under local administrations and those run independently by communities.“By applying health protocol, we can at least minimize the risk of transmission at traditional markets,” he said.Pandu Riono, an epidemiologist from the University of Indonesia, suggested that the management mend infrastructure and facilities to ensure better air and water circulation.“Our traditional markets commonly lack cleanliness and hygiene,” he said.Topics :last_img read more

Paschal Chukwu shows early improvement in healthy season for Syracuse

first_imgThe excuses exist for Paschal Chukwu. He started his organized basketball career in the United States four years before college. He played limited minutes at Providence as a freshman. He sat out nearly two seasons after arriving at Syracuse.“At the end of the day you just gotta play,” Chukwu said. “Yeah, I sat out two years and all that. But at the same time, I worked out every day at practice. So when I step out there, I know what to do … I’m not using it as an excuse.”Chukwu, a 7-foot-2 center for No. 15 Syracuse (2-0), is coming off one of the best games in his college career. In the Orange’s 84-70 win over Morehead State, Chukwu racked up 14 points, 10 rebounds and six blocks. It was the senior’s seventh double-digit scoring game, fourth double-double, and third game with six-plus blocks in his time at Syracuse. As Syracuse heads into matchups with two high-major teams in Madison Square Garden on back-to-back days, there’s a higher belief in Chukwu than there was last year.“I felt like last year he was still trying to find himself on the basketball court,” sophomore forward Oshae Brissett said. “He’s been putting in a lot of work. I see him before and after practice, with the coaches, asking questions. Just different mindset, different approach to the game.”After Syracuse’s victory over MSU, head coach Jim Boeheim said Chukwu has been putting himself into better position for rebounds.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textLess than two minutes into the game, Buddy Boeheim shot a 3 from the right corner. Chukwu ran straight to the left block in transition. Anticipating a rebound on the opposite side of the shooter, Chukwu pushed the man boxing him out underneath the rim. So when Buddy’s shot bounced to the left block, Chukwu stood alone, his long arms in the air to put the ball back in with his left hand.Two minutes later, Tyus Battle received an inbound pass in the left corner while Chukwu sprinted toward the right block. Battle rose up, mirroring the previous play, as Chukwu pushed his defender underneath the rim. The rebound again bounced to the far side, where Chukwu was positioned on the right block, and he finished the simple putback. In the last two and a half minutes of the game, Chukwu crashed the lane, slipped past his defender and snatched a Buddy runner miss. He turned and flung up a small hook shot with his right hand to give him his 13th and 14th points.“He didn’t play his first year, sat out a year, got hurt, last year was his first year playing,” Boeheim said. “This is his second, to me. He’s doing some things better. He’s closing on the ball better.”Laura Angle | Digital Design EditorOn two of Chukwu’s seven offensive rebounds, he immediately rose to the hoop and drew a foul. Last season, Chukwu shot 63.2 percent from the line. But on Saturday, after the first offensive board in the second half, Chukwu made the pair. Then on the second, he converted on both again. He hit another to make it five in a row, but made just one of his last three after going 2-6 against Eastern Washington. His streaky shooting from the line still remains. Chukwu showed his faults on four personal fouls against Morehead State. He committed three offensive fouls — one on a push off in the post, another on an illegal screen and a final one going up for a rebound — all in the first half. He added his fourth when he closed out too hard on a guard attempting a floater. While he blocked the shot clean up high, his legs hit the player because of Chukwu’s aggressive closeout.Although in that moment Chukwu fouled, protecting the rim is still what he does best for Syracuse. Brissett said the center is rotating better to provide help during defensive rotations. Chukwu knows that “being a defensive stopper” is one of his strengths. Once rotating to protect the rim, Chukwu gets to do one of his favorite things on the basketball court.“When you spike it, I like that one,” Chukwu said. “When I spike it, oh man. That one fills me up with energy.” Comments Published on November 13, 2018 at 9:05 pm Contact Billy: [email protected] | @Wheyen3 Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more